sick little boy in a hospital bedThe Question: Does vaccination with the pneumococcal vaccine lessen the rate of pediatric hospitalizations for pneumonia and sinusitis?

The Study: The Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium is a major cause of pneumonia and sinusitis in children. Doctors in Sweden looked into the effectiveness of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in preventing childhood pneumonia and sinusitis comparing the incidence of these diseases from July 2003 to June 2007 (before the use of the vaccine) July 2008 to June 2012 (after the vaccine was introduced).

The Results: The numbers show a 66% lower risk of hospitalization for sinusitis and 19% lower risk for pneumonia after the introduction of this vaccine.

Comment: Vaccinations prevent disease and keep kids out of the hospital.

Read More: Pediatrics, 11/14

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From issue: 30/03-04